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Jun 29, 2022 (FOCUSGUILDS2015)
With the world expanding at a rate that is difficult to keep up with, the ever-growing requirement for space is becoming to be a cause for concern. With a pressing need for land to support agriculture as well as industrial, and more importantly urban requirements to control cities and their increasing population, a specific step that we have been able to identify as “Deforestation” is taking place.
Deforestation, as a simple term is the cutting and clearing of forest cover or plants to make way for urban, industrial or agricultural usage. It is the process of removing all of the forest covers in order to make this land available for commercial, residential, or industrial use.
According to Wikipedia:
“Deforestation clearing, clearing, clearcutting or clearing” is the process of removing the forest or the tree stands from land that is later transformed into a non-forest usage. Deforestation could involve the transformation of forest land into farm ranches, farms, or urban uses. Deforestation is most intensely concentrated within humid tropical rainforests .”>
In the past century, the forests all over the world have drastically diminished and the green cover has been cut dropping to a record lowest of just 30. As per the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), it is around 18.3 million acres (7.3 million ha) of forest land perish every year.
Deforestation is also viewed as the removal of forests that leads to various imbalances both environmentally and ecologically. The most alarming aspect of deforestation is the short and long-term consequences it will create if it continues to proceed at the present rate. Certain predictions suggest that the forests of the globe will disappear when deforestation is continued at the rate it is currently.
How Can Deforestation Be Reduced?
The following strategies could be used by governments to stop deforestation:
- Security measures are implemented and there are strict laws to stop illegal logs.
- Expanding the number and extent of forests protected by the government.
- It is important to plan how to construct infrastructure (roads dams, roads, and so on.) to limit losses to forest land.
- investing in the latest technologies in the field of agriculture (such as hydroponics) and helping farmers adopt environmentally-friendly farming practices (such as cycled agriculture).
- Enhancing the management of forests by banning unsustainable agricultural practices (such as slash and burn agriculture).
- The facilitation of the creation and utilization of alternatives to wood to reduce the need for timber. Bamboo, for instance, can be used as a substitute for wood fuel.
- New Reforestation initiatives to restore land that was deforested.
- Planting forest plantations with high-yielding trees could provide 5 to 10 times the production (per hectare) of natural forests.
Role of Individuals
Every person on earth has a responsibility to protect its resources (for others, for other species, as well as for the next generation). A person can be a part of the fight against deforestation by following the 3R (Reduce Reuse, Reuse, and Recycle) principles in their daily life.
- Reduce – reducing the number of papers used by using alternative methods whenever feasible.
- Reuse products – Avoid throwing and using them to avoid waste.
- Recycle with care – Recycling paper and wood products.
Individuals can also fight deforestation by educating others of its negative effects as well as participating in tree planting campaigns.
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